The regrouping of competencies around clusters becomes a necessity to achieve the objectives set by the law (N ° 98-11 of 22 August 1998 amended and supplemented) and to optimize the means made available at the regional level. The plan for the development of scientific research and technological development 2008-2012 envisaged the construction of inter-university scientific facilities, which will constitute the research common services requiring heavy investment and appropriate management.
The establishment of research common services will make it possible to achieve a number of equally important objectives :
• Optimization of the resources and means available to these institutions.
• Establishing a platform for exchanges and partnerships between the economic sector and the academic sector.
• Development of the problem-solving capacities of the economic enterprise.
• Participation in the practical training of students and in the development and retraining of all the personnel concerned.
• Encouraging innovation and transfer of technology.
• Promoting an Algerian label of scientific quality.
• Dissemination of techniques and knowledge through an interdisciplinary approach.
Thus, common services constitute a point of convergence of all players (research, training, social economic sector) and will increase the flow of exchange between them (see Figure 1).
These services can take many forms (see Figure 2), depending on the nature of their missions :
• Technology platforms provide technical assistance and advice to the economic enterprises they support in their technological development. They allow the development of prototypes, pre-production, simulation and modeling tools as well as the fabrication of technological components. They contribute to the practical training of students, to further training and retraining.
• Regional documentation units are responsible for controlling the process of production of scientific, technical and economic information (ISTE), its processing and dissemination. ISTE is a determining factor in a scientific research activity and a strategic stake for the socioeconomic development of the country. They contribute to the establishment of the national online documentation system and develop teaching and scientific extension equipment.
• The intensive computing platforms support complex applications involving scientific research and all industrial sectors. The resolution of certain complex applications requiring high processing speeds and/or quantities of information to be processed requires the installation of digital supercomputers.
• Technical platforms for physico-chemical analysis are essential in terms of food safety, health and environmental protection, quality control, expertise and standardization. They are responsible for carrying out all studies and expertise, technical assistance and advice for the socioeconomic sector. They participate in the improvement of analytical means and techniques.
• Medical technical platforms are health research and diagnostic services aimed at strengthening public health research, developing analyses and diagnostics, promoting and developing applied clinical and therapeutic research and the launch of medical-sanitary engineering and pharmaceutical products.
• Materials characterization technology centres dedicated to the development of industrial manufactured products, industrial expertise and the design of new materials. They are available to researchers to enable them to characterize the products of the research for validation.
• Technical software development platforms of which automation is intended to assist a user in his research activities. They are essential to the use of any scientific equipment. They will enable the development of software platforms and the accompanying of all the research work.
• Incubators are structures for welcoming and supporting innovative projects with direct links to any type of research. They help project holders to formalize their ideas and validate their feasibility. They provide project holders with training, advice and funding, and host them until the creation of innovative enterprises.
The figure below illustrates the distribution of research common services across the national territory.