The Directorate of Development and Scientific and Technical Services (DDSST) determined, during 2010, the wilaya for the establishment of the Three Regional Units of Physicochemical Analysis (PFT-APC) in order to increase, on the one hand, Research and Development in the technological fields (Atomic Spectrometry, X-ray Fluorescence, IRTF, Electron Microscopy, Chromatography, etc.) and the basic special fields and techniques connected and, on the other hand, to provide a framework and means for a vigorous technology development.
The three sites chosen are located in Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Ouargla and Annaba. The Directorate-General for Scientific Research and Technological Development (DGRSDT), which has defined the plan for these Regional Units, gave the Centre for Research in Physical and Chemical Analysis (CRAPC) the responsibility of establishing them. Each Regional Unit has a total area of 5000 m² for research laboratories, preparation and assembly workshops, offices of researchers and developers, as well as storage warehouses where all logistical facilities will be set up (energy, telecommunications, computer networks, high-speed Internet connection, heating, air conditioning, compressed air lines and various gases) to accommodate future users under international standards.
The question that will arise on its own: what means will these structures have ?
a. First of all, we have an important human component in our institutions that we must redeploy according to the research objectives and programmes defined in the broad guidelines of science policy in the fields of technologies and industries for the coming years. Although this human component is relatively important, it remains insufficient to fulfill the missions assigned to it and we should multiply the number of researchers and engineers of high level and think of the whole range of technicians of various levels to go towards international standards.
b. The basic equipment (instrumentation, tools, glassware...), of which consultations are ongoing for their exact definition and their acquisition. Infrastructures are also willing to accommodate common scientific equipment (which requires heavy investment) to develop federating projects, on the one hand, and knowledge transfer and services initiatives to the economic and social sector on the other hand.
Knowing the industrial and economic realities of the country, the birth of these Regional Units leads to an event not only for the academic community, but also for economic and social enterprises, whether public or private.
These structures, through their missions, will be indeed a conductive vector for sustainable development through practices of consultation, exchange, cooperation between different communities (scientific and industrial) and promote multidisciplinary approaches.
We advocate by this investment to establish effective and fruitful links between these Regional Units and socioeconomic enterprises and even with individuals lacking financial and technical means to realize their dreams, namely aid and promotion for the creation of innovative enterprises.
The establishment of the Regional Technical Platforms of Physico-Chemical Analysis (PT-APC) is a new strategy of the DGRSDT in order to make available to researchers within different universities, academic centres, schools and research centres, local infrastructures. These PT-APCs, numbering eighteen (18), are spread across the national territory in university sites that have space, human resources and know-how. Thus, several R&D projects will build on the analytical capacities of these PT-APCs, involving all researchers from academic institutions.
These PT-APCs of 1000 m² each are designed according to international standards and equipped with accessories necessary for the operation of a laboratory, such as stations of generation, storage and transfer PSA (pressure swing absorption) of liquid nitrogen. Their activities revolve around :
- Thermal analysis.
- Analysis of atomic and molecular structures.
- Analysis of the surfaces of the materials.
- Textural and granulometric analysis.
- Separation-identification chromatographic analysis.
- Crystal growth.
- Epitaxy by molecular jets.
Through this new strategy, these infrastructures will strengthen national capacities for physico-chemical analysis of the academic community and the socioeconomic and industrial sector (State bodies, local authorities, SMEs, SMIs, industrial groups, etc.), contribute to the research and the development of analytical sciences in various fields (health, food safety, environment, materials, industrial and petroleum products, rare resources, etc.), setting up standards and guidelines based on the analytical results, expertise, quality control of imported and exported products, and establishing a platform for exchange between the industrial sector, research units and universities.
At the international level, this strategy will increase the global visibility and attractiveness of Algerian scientists and their scientific and technical capacities to provide the benchmark regarding the international standards for the entry and exit of different products (raw material, manufactured products and processed foodstuffs...) in order to penetrate international markets and promote an Algerian label of quality.